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Since the conditions are related to genetic problems, there are few treatments available.
Dress enhancements such as shoe lifts etc are some of the few ways to change the aesthetics of little people.
Any adult human below the height of 4'10" (147 cm) is considered a dwarf.
With reference to legends or folklore, a dwarf is considered a legendary creature resembling a tiny old man, who lives in the depths of the earth and guards buried treasure.
Both words describe a short person, but refer to different physical characteristics and genetic conditions.
"Midget" refers to a person who is very short, but normally proportioned.
Growth hormones are rarely used to treat these conditions as the benefits are very small.
Social prejudice against their extreme height may reduce their social confidence and opportunites.
The term midget was used to describe persons of small size but with normal proportions when compared to average people.
Midget, comes from the word midge "small fly" -et, so that a midget is etymologically a "very small fly".
Dwarfism is known to affect humans, animals and plants. In humans, a child for whom one or both parents is affected by dwarfism has a chance of inheriting the condition. It is also caused by hormonal or nutritional deficiency.
While there are many problems associated with Dwarfism, midgets are not plagued by these problems.